Organic Cotton & Why It Matters

by Guest Blogger on November 19, 2013 · 2 comments

By Rachel Hulan, ASID, CID

Organic Cotton & Why It Matters

Winter is approaching, which means it’s time to break out the soft, cozy, organic cotton flannel sheets.  If you don’t already own a set, I highly recommend them for those cold nights when you just want to dive under the blankets and stay warm… and healthy.

cotton flannel sheets

You see, despite cotton’s reputation as a “natural” fiber, the tremendous quantity of chemicals needed to grow and produce conventional cotton fabric make it fairly unnatural.  In fact, between the pesticides used in farming, and the dyes and finishing products applied in the manufacturing end of things, it takes about a pound of chemicals to produce a single pound of finished cotton cloth.  Many of those chemicals remain in the fibers almost indefinitely.  That’s not a good thing for the environment –OR- your health.

Luckily, organic cotton is becoming increasingly available; even affordable.  Here is a quick breakdown to give you a better idea why organic cotton is the better choice:

Organic Cotton


Conventional cotton = Seeds treated with fungicides and/or insecticides. Often the seeds are GMO (genetically modified organisms).

Organic cotton = Untreated, GMO free seeds.


Pesticides and fertilizers

Conventional cotton = Synthetic fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and pesticides used for soil preparation, pest and weed control.

Organic cotton = Healthy soil through crop rotation and organic fertilizers.  Beneficial insects and trap crops used to minimize pests.

fabric dyeing

Dyeing and finishing

Conventional cotton = Chlorine bleach used for whitening.  Dyes can contain heavy metals and sulfur.  Fabric finished using synthetic surfactants, and often formaldehyde.

Organic cotton = Safe, environmentally friendly peroxide used to whiten fabric.  Only low impact fiber-reactive or natural dyes.  No formaldehyde.


So, now that you know, what can you do about it?

Make sure you purchase organic cotton that has been certified by a recognized, 3rd party certifier, both for the fiber AND for the final fabric.  GOTS, or the Global Organic Textile Standard is the current gold standard when it comes to organic cotton, so make sure you ask if the product you are purchasing has been GOTS certified.  If not, you might want to keep looking.

ginkgo fabric

Photo credit: Harmony Art

Organic cotton – it’s not just for the crunchy, granola crowd.  It’s for everyone!

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{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

feather-pillows January 10, 2015 at 8:24 pm

Hi, everything iis going perfectly here and odcourse every onee is sharing data, that’s truly excellent, kerp up writing.


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