by Ron & Lisa Beres on April 17, 2012 · 15 comments


PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, was once deemed a great innovation; a discovery that simplified the way we lived. Things that seemed a figment of our imagination could suddenly be made out of a miracle plastic to expedite our daily routines. Plastic molding became the norm as merchandise, almost seemingly essential to sustain life itself, churned out of factories. Whatever the advantages of PVC may have been, today, it is indisputable that PVC is a known toxin to both humans and animals alike. Dubbed the most toxic plastic, vinyl – or polyvinyl chloride – is used today in a superfluity of items surrounding us. What is disturbing is the fact that PVC uses chemicals that are quite dangerous to both our health and the environment; yet many of these chemicals are present in our own homes, workplaces and schools where children are exposed to them on a daily basis.

Children’s Exposure

The greatest threat of PVC is to children. Children are extremely vulnerable to harmful chemicals as they are in the early stages of physical and mental development. Exposure to such chemicals can have serious consequences. Vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, is a known human carcinogen, according to the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Children products including: water bottles, lunch boxes, toys, small chairs and tables, school bags and stationery items such as pencil boxes can contain some amounts of PVC. The fact is, while most of these items are made of plastic due to their weightlessness, affordability and convenience, children today are put at far greater risk since they are in constant in contact with such items. Here is a great video by CJEJ (Center for Health, Environment and Justice) called Sam Suds and the Case of PVC, the Poison Plastic.

Items of Concern

  • Children’s toys: Teethers, bath and squeeze toys, balls and watchbands.
  • Childcare products: Stroller covers, diaper covers, bibs and mattress covers.
  • Adult Consumer products: Aprons, raincoats, hats, shoes and boots, bags, backpacks, luggage, pet toys, food packaging, plumbing and building materials, medical devices, inflatable furniture & swimming pools, vinyl flooring, vinyl shower curtains, bed liners and mattress covers (click HERE for greener shower curtain alternatives).

The manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) requires the addition of chemical softeners (plasticizers such as phthalates) and stabilizers (ie: heavy metals including lead; a neurotoxin and cadmium; a probable human carcinogen which can cause kidney disease) among others.   The main ingredient in PVC, however, is phthalates which can make up the majority of the weight of a product. Phthalates are used to soften plastic to make it more flexible. As plastics degrade, these chemicals break down slowly and release more and more phthalates into the air. This can make the air toxic. Due to the sources found inside, air levels are on average much higher than outside. Exposure to such toxic chemicals can result in hormonal imbalances, asthma and even cancer. Strict measures should be taken to reduce the presence of PVC-laden toys and products in households and schools. Since children are most likely to be affected by PVC and phthalates, plastic products should be avoided or replaced with healthier alternatives.

How to Detect PVC

Have you ever noticed that plastic objects have a triangle symbol with a number in the center – usually found on the bottom of the object? The recycling rating numbers, called the SPI (Society of Plastic Industry) Resin Identification Code, are not only essential for recycling efforts but offer information from a health perspective. #3 polyvinyl chloride (V, PVC) inside the triangle indicates PVC.  Due to these various additives and the presence of the chlorine molecule itself, PVC is difficult to recycle and has been reported as the least recycled of all plastics. PVC-free plastics such as plant based resins are affordable, widely available and a more advisable choice for you & your loved ones.

Choose Wisely

PVC production and disposal also present significant problems and potential for exposure to other toxic chemicals such as dioxins and hydrogen chloride gas. Remember, it is always better to be safe than sorry. Taking action HERE and spreading awareness about the harmful effects of PVC can enhance the quality of life  and help both children and our planet thrive toward a healthier future for all.

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{ 7 comments… read them below or add one }

Suzanne June 30, 2012 at 11:39 am

I have been trying for three years now to eliminat PVC from our home. I only wish I knew about the danger when my boys were even younger!


Ron & Lisa July 16, 2012 at 12:39 pm

We hear you Suzanne! I think a LOT of us feel this way. But, it is better to know now than to be ignorant to the facts. It can be challenging to keep up on toxic exposures when there is an abundance of chemicals in existence today, but a bit of knowledge and smarter choices can go a long way in terms of our long-term health, vitality and well-being!


Willy February 20, 2016 at 4:59 am

I been manufacturing plastic polymers now for the better part of 35 years in April of 2015 I had a nasty bout of the cephalitis neurosurgeons had no idea what caused it I now have brain damage before I get to bed I did some research on my own and of all the plastics I work with I found some common denominators of chemicals all of which produce brain damaging chemicals but I was not informed about I don’t know what up where are you from here but I sure will do something. Yes PVC was one of them


Ron & Lisa Beres February 26, 2016 at 1:27 pm

Thanks for your comment Willy! PVC is surely the most toxic plastic from both a health and environmental perspective. We are so sorry to hear about your illness and send you much healing love + light. Please keep us posted on your journey to seeking answers and solutions!


Katherine September 19, 2016 at 7:42 pm

Any suggestions for a safe bath mat (to make bath safer for a toddler – no slipping)? All the ones available appear to be made of plastic, I’m assuming they are made of PVC. Your suggestions are welcome. Thank you.


Ron & Lisa Beres September 20, 2016 at 2:00 pm

Hi Katherine,
YESS! Our friends at Earthsake have so many nontoxic bath mat options:
1.) The Natural Latex bath mat: http://www.earthsake.com/store/aquassagemat.html
2.) The Hinoki Wood (similar to what we use): http://www.earthsake.com/store/HinokiWoodBathMat.html
3.) The Organic Waffle Weave Bath Mat: http://www.earthsake.com/store/OrganicWaffleBathMat.html
We hope this helps!


Maury Miloff October 13, 2017 at 2:50 pm

Thanks for this article.
Could you tell me what you think please about uPVC windows which apparently have minimal impact on health for the occupants of the house. Is it true that they don’t have phthalates or BPA?


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